A student writes,

         Hi Dr. Patt,

         This is my first e-mail all semester, but I finally came up
        with a question that I think is worth your time. It has to do
        with memory mapped I/O, more specifically question #9 on problem
        set 6 (shown below.) I had the whole table right, except for the
        memory enable signal on the second memory access of the LDR
        instruction. Since xFE02 is in R0 shouldn't the memory enable bit
        be a 1 since the KBDR is in fact location xFE02 in memory?
        Wouldn't any "memory access" require memory to be enabled?

Actually xFE02 is NOT part of memory.  Memory is enabled ONLY if the
address corresponds to a location in MEMORY.  In this case, the Address
Control Logic would the see the address xFE02, and would decide that
this address does not correspond to a location in memory but rather
refers to one of the device registers, in this case the KBDR.  Therefore,
the memory enable signal would be a 0.

         I guess the fact that the KBDR has no control signals going to it
        in the figure confused me. When I think of the device registers in
        the LC-3 I think of specific memory locations that correspond to
        them. Everything I have done with input and output is a simple
        operation performed on these memory locations.

The device registers correspond to specific addresses, not actual memory
locations.  You need to know that when you load from or store to these
special addresses, you are actually reading from or writing to one of the
device registers, not memory.

         <<name withheld>>

Good luck preparing for the final exam.
Veynu (subbing in for Dr. Patt)