You must do every programming assignment by yourself. You are permitted to get help ONLY from the TAs and Dr. Patt. When you have completed the program, and tested it sufficiently so that you are comfortable that it works on any input, submit it for grading according to the submission instructions at the end of this handout.
Programming Assignment 2: Find the zeros of a polynomial.
The zeros of a polynomial f(x) are the values of x for which
f(x) = 0. In an interval (xlow, xhigh), a monotonic function f(x) has
a zero in that interval if either of the following two things are true:
a. f(xlow) is postive and f(xhigh) is negative, or
b. f(xlow) is negative and f(xhigh) is positive.
In the first case, we say the function f(x) is monotonically non-increasing in the interval because in the interval, f(x) never increases in going from xlow to xhigh. Figure 1 is an example of a monotonically non-increasing function in the interval.
In the second case, we say the function f(x) is monotonically non-decreasing, because in the interval, f(x) never decreases in going from xlow to xhigh.
Given an interval (xlow, xhigh), a function f(x) that is monotonic
in that interval, and either f(xlow) is positive and f(xhigh) is negative or
f(xlow) is negative and f(xhigh) is positive, write an LC-3 assembly language
program that uses binary search to find the zero of f(x) in the interval
(xlow, xhigh), and store that value of x in x4000.
Input to your program will be found in a table in memory, starting at x4001:
|x4003||degree of the polynomial, say n|
|x4004 to x4004 + n||polynomial coefficients|
All values in the table are 2's complement integers.
For example, if f(x) is the polynomial Ax^3 + Bx^2 + Cx + D, the table will take the form:
|x4000||output: x-position of zero|
|f(x) = 2x + 6||(-100,100)||-3|
|f(x) = 4x - 8||(-100,100)||2|
|f(x) = x2 - 4x||(2,100)||4|
|f(x) = x2 - 4x||(-100,2)||0|
|f(x) = 4x2 - 12x - 16||(2,50)||4|
|f(x) = x3 - 15x2 + 75x - 117||(-20,20)||3|
Binary Search: In our program a user specifies an interval of the function that is monotonic. If f(xlow) is positive and f(xhigh) is negative, then we know that a zero of the polynomial must exist between the two bounds. We can search for the zero by using a binary search. In a binary search, we start by dividing the interval into two halves as shown in Figure 1. We can test the polynomial evaluated at the mid-point of the interval (f(xmiddle)) to see if it is positive, negative or zero. If it is zero, then we are done. If the value is not zero, then we can narrow our search to the interval between xmiddle and the appropriate bound such that the new interval will still contain the zero. In the case of the Figure 1, we can narrow our search to the interval (xlow, xmiddle) because we know that this interval contains the zero. We can discard the interval (xmiddle, xhigh) because we know that it does not contain the zero. This process can be repeated until the zero is found. Question: Why does this algorithm lead to the fewest number of calls (on average) to the f(x) subroutine?
You may assume:
Submission Instructions: The main program and the subroutine should be submitted as two separate files. The main program should be called search.asm and the subroutine should be called function.asm. You MUST name your files EXACTLY as specified. Failure to do so will result in a loss of points on the assignment. The two .asm files should be submitted to Canvas by the deadline.