Multimode Precoding for MIMO Wireless Systems


David J. Love


Robert W. Heath Jr


IEEE Trans. on Signal Proc. vol. 53, no. 10, part 1, pp. 3674-3687, October 2005.


Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless systems obtain large diversity and capacity gains by employing multielement antenna arrays at both the transmitter and receiver. The theoretical performance benefits of MIMO systems, however, are irrelevant unless low error rate, spectrally efficient signaling techniques are found. This paper proposes a new method for designing high data-rate spatial signals with low error rates. The basic idea is to use transmitter channel information to adaptively vary the transmission scheme for a fixed data rate. This adaptation is done by varying the number of substreams and the rate of each substream in a precoded spatial multiplexing system. We show that these substreams can be designed to obtain full diversity and full rate gain using feedback from the receiver to transmitter. We model the feedback using a limited feedback scenario where only finite sets, or codebooks, of possible precoding configurations are known to both the transmitter and receiver. Monte Carlo simula- tions show substantial performance gains over beamforming and spatial multiplexing.


MIMO systems, diversity methods, antenna selection

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