Optimization Methodology for Designing 2-CPAs Exploiting Pattern Diversity in Clustered MIMO Channels


Antonio Forenza and Robert W. Heath Jr



Submitted to IEEE Trans. on Comm., October, 2006.


Arrays designed for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication systems must provide good performance in terms of information theoretic and microwave theoretic performance measures for a large number of channel scenarios. Consequently, the general MIMO array design problem is challenging. This paper proposes a novel optimization methodology for designing circular patch arrays (CPAs), under a clustered MIMO channel model assumption. Based on the ergodic capacity, it is found that the single-cluster scenario can approximate CPA performance in clustered channels, reducing the number of channel scenarios that need to be considered. Using a new definition of channel spatial correlation that allows for pattern diversity, metrics are derived for evaluating average and outage capacity performance of CPAs, which can be expressed as a function of only the antenna parameters. With this expression, an optimization is formulated and solved numerically for optimizing the parameters of a 2-CPA on a capacity based objective function and microwave theory performance constraints. An example design is given corresponding to a 2-CPA in the 2.4GHz unlicensed frequency band.

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