IEEE Vehic. Tech. Conference, Melborne, Australia, May 7-10, 2006.
We present a low complexity adaptive transmission approach for spatially correlated MIMO channels. The proposed scheme adaptively switches between orthogonal space-time block codes (OSTBC) and spatial multiplexing (SM), depending of the channel correlation and SNR. We derive an exact closed-form expression and tight upper bound on the OSTBC capacity in double-correlated channels, and examine the relative capacity of OSTBC and SM in terms of the spatial correlation. We then derive efficient closed-form BER expressions for practical OSTBC transmission employing bit-interleaved coded modulation (BICM). Based on these results, we propose a practical adaptive algorithm which selects the combination of MIMO transmission scheme (OSTBC or SM), and BICM mode, which achieves the highest spectral efficiency whilst satisfying a pre-defined BER.
The manuscript is available in IEEE Xplore format.