Cooperative Algorithms for MIMO Interference Channels


Steven W. Peters and Robert W. Heath, Jr.


Submitted to IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, December 2009.


Interference alignment is a transmission technique for exploiting all available degrees of freedom in the symmetric frequency- or time-selective interference channel with an arbitrary number of users. Most prior work on interference alignment, however, neglects interference from other nodes in the network not participating in the alignment operation. This paper proposes three generalizations of interference alignment for the multiple-antenna interference channel with multiple users that account for colored noise, which models uncoordinated interference. First, a minimum interference-plus-noise leakage algorithm is presented, and shown to be equivalent to previous subspace methods when noise is spatially white or negligible. This algorithm results in orthonormal precoders that are desirable for practical implementation with limited feedback. A joint minimum mean squared error design is then proposed that jointly optimizes the transmit precoders and receive spatial filters, whereas previous designs neglect the receive spatial filter. This algorithm is shown to be a generalization of previous joint MMSE designs for other system configurations such as the broadcast channel. Finally, a maximum signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio algorithm is developed that is proven to converge, unlike previous maximum SINR algorithms. The latter two designs are shown to have increased complexity due to non-orthogonal precoders, more required iterations, or more channel state knowledge than the min INL or subspace methods. The sum throughput performance of these algorithms is simulated in the context of a network with uncoordinated co-channel interferers not participating in the alignment protocol. It is found that a network with cochannel interference can benefit from employing precoders designed to consider that interference, but in extreme cases, such as when only one receiver has a large amount of interference, ignoring the co-channel interference is advantageous. Adapting between the strategies in their preferred operating regimes is left to future work.

Available on arXiv