Spatial Interference Cancellation for Multi-Antenna Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
IEEE Trans. on Information Theory, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 1660-1676, March 2012.
Interference between nodes is a critical impairment in mobile ad hoc networks. This paper studies the role of multiple antennas in mitigating such interference. Specifically, a network is studied in which receivers apply zero-forcing beamforming to cancel the strongest interferers. Assuming a network with Poisson-distributed transmitters and independent Rayleigh fading channels, the transmission capacity is derived, which gives the maximum number of successful transmissions per unit area. Mathematical tools from stochastic geometry are applied to obtain the asymptotic transmission capacity scaling and characterize the impact of inaccurate channel state information (CSI). It is shown that, if each node cancels interferers, the transmission capacity decreases as as the outage probability vanishes. For fixed , as grows, the transmission capacity increases as where is the path-loss exponent. Moreover, CSI inaccuracy is shown to have no effect on the transmission capacity scaling as vanishes, provided that the CSI training sequence has an appropriate length, which we derive. Numerical results suggest that canceling merely one interferer by each node may increase the transmission capacity by an order of magnitude or more, even when the CSI is imperfect.