Learning-Based Adaptive Transmission for Limited Feedback Multiuser MIMO-OFDM
Robert W. Heath, Jr.
Submitted to the IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communication, June 2013.
Performing link adaptation in a multiantenna and multiuser system is challenging because of the coupling
between precoding, user selection, spatial mode selection and use of limited feedback about the channel.
The problem is exacerbated by the difficulty of selecting the proper modulation and coding scheme when
using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). This paper presents a data-driven approach to
link adaptation for multiuser multiple input mulitple output (MIMO) OFDM systems. A machine learning
classifier is used to select the modulation and coding scheme, taking as input the SNR values in the
different subcarriers and spatial streams. A new approximation is developed to estimate the unknown interuser
interference due to the use of limited feedback. This approximation allows to obtain SNR information at
the transmitter with a minimum communication overhead. A greedy algorithm is used to perform spatial
mode and user selection with affordable complexity, without resorting to an exhaustive search. The proposed
adaptation is studied in the context of the IEEE 802.11ac standard, and is shown to schedule users and adjust
the transmission parameters to the channel conditions as well as to the rate of the feedback channel