Low Complexity Antenna Selection for Low Target Rate Users in Dense Cloud Radio Access Networks
Jeonghun Park and Robert W. Heath, Jr.
To appear in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Jun. 2016.
We propose a low complexity antenna selection algorithm for low target rate users in cloud radio access networks. The algorithm consists of two phases. In the first phase, each remote radio head (RRH) determines whether to be included in a candidate set by using a predefined selection threshold. In the second phase, RRHs are randomly selected within the candidate set made in the first phase. To analyze the performance of the proposed algorithm, we model RRHs’ and users’ locations by a homogeneous Poisson point process, whereby the signal-to- interference ratio (SIR) complementary cumulative distribution function is derived. By approximating the derived expression, an approximate optimum selection threshold that maximizes the SIR coverage probability is obtained. Using the obtained threshold, we characterize the performance of the algorithm in an asymptotic regime, where the RRH density goes to infinity. The obtained threshold is then modified depending on various algorithm options. A distinguishable feature of the proposed algorithm is that the algorithm complexity keeps constant inde- pendent to the RRH density, so that a user is able to connect to a network without heavy computation at baseband units.