Physical Layer Security in Large-Scale Millimeter Wave Ad Hoc Networks
Authors: Y. Zhu, Lifeng Wang, Kai-Kit Wong, Robert W. Heath, Jr.
Proc. of the IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., Washington, DC USA, December 4-8, 2016, pp. 1-6
Wireless networks with directional antennas, like millimeter wave (mmWave) networks, have enhanced security. For a large scale mmWave ad hoc network in which eavesdroppers are randomly located, however, eavesdroppers can still intercept the confidential messages, since they may reside in the signal beam. This paper explores the potential of physical layer security in the mmWave ad hoc networks. Specifically, we characterize the impact of mmWave channel characteristics and large antenna arrays on the secrecy performance. We also characterize the impact of artificial noise in this networks. Our results reveal that in the low transmit power regime, the use of low mmWave frequency achieves better secrecy performance, when increasing transmit power, a transition from low mmWave frequency to high mmWave frequency is demanded for obtaining more secrecy rate. Eavesdroppers can intercept more information by using wide beam pattern. Furthermore, the use of artificial noise may be unable to enhance the secrecy rate for the case of low node density.