IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol. 54, no. 2, Apr. 2018, pp. 739-754, DOI 10.1109/TAES.2017.2765258.

GNSS Signal Authentication via Power and Distortion Monitoring

Kyle D. Wesson (1), Jason N. Gross (2), Todd E. Humphreys (1) and Brian L. Evans (1)

(1) Wireless Networking and Communications Group, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas USA - -

(2) Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia USA

Paper draft is available on Archive and IEEE Explore

UT Austin Radionavigation Laboratory


We propose a simple low-cost technique that enables civil Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers and other civil global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receivers to reliably detect carry-off spoofing and jamming. The technique, which we call the Power-Distortion detector, classifies received signals as interference-free, multipath-afflicted, spoofed, or jammed according to observations of received power and correlation function distortion. It does not depend on external hardware or a network connection and can be readily implemented on many receivers via a firmware update. Crucially, the detector can with high probability distinguish low-power spoofing from ordinary multipath. In testing against over 25 high-quality empirical data sets yielding over 900,000 separate detection tests, the detector correctly alarms on all malicious spoofing or jamming attacks while maintaining a < 0.6% single-channel false alarm rate.

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Last Updated 01/15/18.