Ross Baldick

Book

Selected papers

Renewables and renewable integration

"An Increased Role for the Demand Side in Renewable Integration," Ross Baldick, May 2020. This presentation introduces the concept of temporal fuel endowment and makes the case for the essential value of demand response for deep decarbonization of the electricity system. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/demand_side_renewable.pdf.

"Wind variability and impact on markets," Duehee Lee and Ross Baldick, May 2020. This presentation uses a generalized dynamic factor model to understand the statistical characteristics of wind and the implications for aggregation. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/GDFM.pdf.

"Effect of market changes on the required amounts of frequency regulation ancillary services in ERCOT," Juan Andrade, Yingzhang Dong, and Ross Baldick, October 2018. This presentation uses a regression discontinuity design model to assess the affect of ERCOT market design changes on needed regulation reserves in the context of increased wind generation. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/Regulation_ERCOT.pdf.

Plug-in and hybrid vehicles

"The Electric Vehicle Utility 2.0: White Paper," Dave Tuttle and Ross Baldick. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/electricvehicleutility.pdf.

"Technological, Market and Policy Drivers of Emerging Trends in the Diffusion of Plug-in Electric Vehicles in the U.S.," David P. Tuttle and Ross Baldick, *The Electricity Journal*, 2015. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/plugindifussion.pdf.

"The Evolution of Plug-in Electric Vehicle-Grid Interactions" David P. Tuttle and Ross Baldick, *IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid*, 3(1):500-505, March 2012. This paper presents a survey of plug-in vehicle technology trends. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/PEV-Grid.pdf.

"Plug-In Vehicle to Home (V2H) Duration and Power Output Capability" David P. Tuttle, Robert L. Fares, Ross Baldick, and Michael Webber, Presented at the *IEEE Transporation Electrification Conference and Expo (iTEC)*, Detroit Michigan, June 16-19, 2013. This paper analyzes the capability of plug-in vehicles to function as a residential back-up generator. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/vehicletohome.pdf.

Analysis of restructured electricity markets

"Incentive properties of coincident peak pricing," Ross
Baldick, *Journal of Regulatory Economics*, 54(2):165-194, October 2018. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/4CP_JRE_2018.pdf

"A convex primal formulation for convex hull pricing," Ross
Baldick and Bowen Hua, *IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*, 32(5):3814-3823, September 2017. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/convex_hull_2017.pdf

"Wind Energy and Energy Markets: A Case Study of Texas," Ross
Baldick, *IEEE Systems Journal*, 6(1):27-34, March 2012. This paper
describes the interaction of increasing wind, transmission constraints,
production tax credits, wind and demand correlation, and electricity market
prices using the particular example of the ERCOT market. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/Wind and energy markets IEEE systems journal.pdf Presented at the *National
Academy **of Engineering Regional
Meeting*, College Station, Texas, April
29, 2009. Also presented at the University of
Minnesota Internet-based seminar, June 8, 2009. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/Wind and Electricity Markets.ppt (slides) http://www.unite.umn.edu/specials/Events/PowerGroup/20090608/index.html (streaming audio)

"Firm-based Measurements of Market Power in Transmission-Constrained Electricity Markets," Yen-Yu Lee, Ross Baldick, and Jin Hur,* IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*,
26(4):1962-1970, November 2011. This paper describes two approaches to analyzing firm-based market power considering transmission constraints. One is based on the transmission-constrained residual demand Jacobian and the other is a generalization to the transmission-constrained case of the residual supply index. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/firm_index_technical.pdf (technical reference).

"Transmission-constrained Inverse Residual Demand Jacobian Matrix in Electricity
Markets," Lin Xu, Ross Baldick, and Yohan Sutjandra,* IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*,
26(4):2311-2318, November 2011. This paper describes the calculation of
the Jacobian of the inverse residual demand faced by a market participant owning multiple generators when transmission constraints
are binding. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/Jacobian.pdf.

"New Indices of Market Power in Transmission-Constrained Electricity Markets," Yen-Yu Lee, Jin Hur, Ross Baldick, and Salvador Pineda, * IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*, 26(2):681-689, May 2011. This paper describes indices of transmission-constrained market power that are based on economic principles together with faithful representation of the effects of Kirchhoff's laws. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/index_IEEE.pdf.

"Single Clearing Price In Electricity Markets," Ross Baldick, February 2009. This paper critically evaluates the use of a single market clearing price in electricity markets. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/baldick-single-price-auction.pdf.

"Transmission-constrained Residual Demand Derivative in Electricity
Markets," Lin Xu and Ross Baldick,* IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*,
22(4):1563-1573, November 2007. This paper describes the calculation of
the residual demand faced by a market participant when transmission constraints
are binding. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/residual.pdf. Application of this methodology to optimizing offers into electricity markets is detailed in "Bidding into Electricity Markets: A Transmission-Constrained Residual Demand Derivative Approach," Lin Xu, Ross Baldick, and Yohan Sutjandra, * IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/residual2_IEEE.pdf

"Border flow rights and Contracts for differences of
differences: Models for electric transmission property rights," *IEEE
Transactions on Power Systems*, 22(1):232-239, February 2007, and "Border flow rights and Contracts for differences of differences Technical reference,"
Ross Baldick. This paper proposes a property right for electric
transmission and an associated financial right. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/CFDD_technical.pdf

"Computing the Electricity Market Equilibrium: Uses of market equilibrium models," Ross Baldick. This panel session paper discusses the formulation and uses of electricity market equilibrium models. It was presented at the 2006 Power Systems Conference and Exposition, Altanta, GA, October 29-November 1, 2006. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/computing market equilibrium.pdf (paper version) http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/slides computing market equilibrium.pdf (presentation version)

"Stability of supply function
equilibria: Implications for daily versus hourly bids in a poolco market," Ross Baldick
and William Hogan, *Journal of Regulatory Economics*, 30(2):119-139, August 2006. This paper summarizes key results from "Capacity
Constrained Supply Function Equilibrium Models of Electricity Markets" and
was presented at *the Seventh Annual POWER Research Conference,* University of California Energy Institute,
Berkeley, CA, March 2002. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/stabilitypap.pdf
(paper version) http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/stability.pdf
(presentation version)

"Interruptible Electricity Contracts from an Electricity Retailer's Point of View: Valuation and Optimal Interruption,"
*Operations Research*, 54(4):627-642, July-August 2006. This paper
discusses the valuation of contracts between a retailer of electricity and large
consumers that allow for interruption of the power to the consumer.

"Dispatchable Transmission in RTO Markets," Richard P. O'Neill, Ross Baldick, Udi Helman, Michael H. Rothkopf, and
William Stewart, Jr., *IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,* 20(1):171-179, February
2005, http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/dispatchable.pdf

"Lessons Learned: The Texas Experience," Ross Baldick
and Hui Niu, in *Electricity
Deregulation:* *Where to from here? *James
Griffin and Steven Puller, Editors, 2005, The University of Chicago
Press. A preprint is available at: http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/lessons.pdf

"Theory and Application of Linear
Supply Function Equilibrium in Electricity Markets," Ross Baldick, Ryan Grant,
and Edward Kahn, *Journal of
Regulatory Economics, *25(2):143-167, March
2004,
http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/linearsfe.pdf

"Solving three-player games by the
matrix approach with application to an electric power market," Kwang-Ho Lee and
Ross Baldick, *IEEE Transactions on Power
Systems,*18(4):1573-1580, November 2003,
http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/threeplayer.pdf

"Contingent Transmission Rights in
the Standard Market Design," Richard O'Neill, Udi Helman, Ross Baldick, William
Stewart, Michael Rothkopf, *IEEE
Transactions on Power Systems, *
18(4):1331-1337, November 2003,
http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/contingent.pdf

"Tuning
of Discretization
in Bimatrix Game Approach to Power System Market Analysis," Kwang-Ho Lee
and Ross Baldick, *IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,*
18(2):830-836, May 2003, http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/tuning.pdf

"Shift factors in ERCOT congestion pricing," Ross Baldick, March 2003, http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/shiftfactors.pdf

"Electricity market equilibrium
models: The effect of parametrization," Ross Baldick, *IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,*
17(4):1170-1176, November 2002, http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/parametrization.pdf

"An Empirical Study of Applied Game Theory: Transmission Constrained Cournot
Behavior," Lance B. Cunningham, Ross Baldick, and Martin L. Baughman, *IEEE Transactions on Power
Systems, *17(1):166-172, February 2002. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/transmissionconstrainedcournot.pdf

"Capacity Constrained Supply Function Equilibrium Models of Electricity Markets: Stability, Non-decreasing constraints, and Function Space Iterations," Ross Baldick and William Hogan, (December 2001) University of California Energy Institute Working paper PWP-089. http://www.ucei.berkeley.edu/ucei/PDF/pwp089.pdf

"A Model and
Simulation of Competitive Electric Power Systems*The Energy
Journal, *(December 2001.) * *http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/compmodel.pdf

"Linear Supply Function Equilibrium: Generalizations, Application, and Limitations," Ross Baldick, Ryan Grant, and Edward Kahn, (August 2000) University of California Energy Institute Working paper PWP-078. http://www.ucei.berkeley.edu/ucei/PDF/pwp078.pdf

Electricity system analysis, operations, and planning

"A Generalized Decomposition Framework for Large-Scale Transmission Expansion Planning," Mohammad Majidi-Qadikolai and Ross Baldick, *IEEE Transactions on Power Systems*, 33(2):1635-1649, March 2018. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/Transmission_Decomposition_2018.pdf

"Estimates of comparative costs for uprating transmission capacity," Richard O'Neill and Ross Baldick, *IEEE
Transactions on Power Delivery*, 24(2):961-669, April 2009. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/uprating.pdf

"Analysis of Electric Grid Security Under Terrorist Threat,"
Javier Salmeron, Kevin Wood, and Ross Baldick, *IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,*19(2):905-912, May 2004.
http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/gridsecurity.pdf

"An empirical study of the economies of scale in AC transmission line construction costs," Krishnan Dixit and Ross Baldick, Unpublished manuscript, December 2003. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/economies of scale.pdf

"Variation of Distribution Factors with Loading,"
Ross Baldick, *IEEE Transactions on Power
Systems, *18(4):1316-1323, November
2003.
http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/variation.pdf

"Grid limitations," Ross Baldick, presented to the President's Council of Advisors for Science and Technology, Austin, TX, August 15, 2002. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/PCAST.pdf

"Unit commitment with probabilistic reserve," Debabrata
Chattopadhyay and Ross Baldick, *Proceedings of IEEE Power Engineering Society
Winter 2002 Meeting. *http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/ucwithprobres.pdf

"State Estimation Condition Number Analysis," Reza Ebrahimian and Ross
Baldick, *IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, *16(2):273-279, May 2001. http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/conditionnumber.pdf

"State Estimation Distributed Processing," Reza Ebrahimian and Ross
Baldick, *IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,* 15(4):1240-1246, November 2000.
http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/stateestimation.pdf

"Coarse-grained Distributed Optimal Power Flow," *IEEE
Transactions on Power Systems*, 12(2):932-939, May 1997 http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/theorydistrib.pdf
and "A Fast Distributed Implementation of Optimal Power Flow," *IEEE
Transactions on Power Systems,* 14(3):858-864, August 1999 http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/fastdistrib.pdf
These two papers describe a distributed implementation of the Optimal Power Flow
problem based on the "auxiliary problem principle" of Guy Cohen.
See ftp://sistelet.ing.unicas.it/DistOpt
to obtain a general distributed optimization package called DistOpt that
implements the auxiliary problem principle.

VLSI circuit analysis

"Triple/Quadruple Patterning Layout Decomposition via Novel Linear Programming and Iterative Rounding," Yibo Lin, Xiaoqing Xu, Bei Yu, Ross Baldick, and David Pan, *the Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS (JM3),* 16(2), 2017, http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/LPColoring.pdf

"Nonlinear Driver Models for Timing and Noise Analysis," Bogdan Tutuianu and
Ross Baldick, *IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits
and Systems,* 23(11):1510-1521, November 2004, http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~baldick/papers/DriverModel.pdf